As sustainability has evolved, environmental challenges such as carbon emissions and climate change, have tended to be the focus. Companies have realised that effective handling of CO2 emissions and other environmental challenges will provide long-term sustenance.


Listed below are the major milestones in the journey of the carbon emissions theme, as identified by GlobalData.

How well do you really know your competitors?

Access the most comprehensive Company Profiles on the market, powered by GlobalData. Save hours of research. Gain competitive edge.

Company Profile – free sample

Thank you!

Your download email will arrive shortly

Not ready to buy yet? Download a free sample

We are confident about the unique quality of our Company Profiles. However, we want you to make the most beneficial decision for your business, so we offer a free sample that you can download by submitting the below form

By GlobalData
Visit our Privacy Policy for more information about our services, how we may use, process and share your personal data, including information of your rights in respect of your personal data and how you can unsubscribe from future marketing communications. Our services are intended for corporate subscribers and you warrant that the email address submitted is your corporate email address.

1948 – The UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

1995 – The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established, covering trade topics such as the impact of trade opening on climate change.

1999 – The Dow Jones Sustainability Index was launched.

2005 – The Kyoto Protocol, aimed at greenhouse gas emissions, became international law.

2009 – China overtook the US as the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

2010 – Unilever launched the Unilever Sustainable Living Plan (USLP).

2010 – The World Business Council for Sustainable Development introduced its Vision 2050 study.

2013 – Coca-Cola set a goal to reduce the carbon footprint of the “drink in your hand” by 25% by 2020.

2016 – The Paris Agreement was signed.

2016 – The UN launched its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

2017 – The USA withdrew from the Paris Agreement.

2018 – Heineken announced “Drop the C” programme for renewable energy.

2019 – The UK launched its Green Finance Strategy.

2019 – Danone announced that four of its water brands have committed to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2020, 2025, 2025, and 2030 respectively.

2023 – The implementation of the Paris Agreement by member countries will be evaluated for the first time.

2030 – Deadline to achieve all 17 of the UN’s SDGs.

2030 – India to be a 100% electric vehicle nation.

2050 – The deadline for Europe to become carbon neutral.

This is an edited extract from the Carbon Emissions in FMCG – Thematic Research report produced by GlobalData Thematic Research.